People struggling with obesity may need surgical intervention which is referred to as bariatric surgery. These surgery is an effective treatment to all those that are quite obese as they become resistant to maintaining weight loss therapies such as increasing exercise, commercial weight loss programs and consuming fewer calories. The health quality of an individual is improved by bariatric surgery aside from just losing weight.
Bariatric surgery help in resolving many obese related conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes. The fat metabolism and the energy balance is changed when the anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract is changed by using gastric sleeve, gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.
In order for the weight loss journey to be a success, combination of regular exercise, nutrition and behavior modification are required. The bariatric surgery affects the production of intestinal hormones in a way that reduces hunger and appetite while increasing the feeling of fullness. When hunger and appetite is reduced and feeling of fullness increased the desire to eat is generally reduced and thus weight is maintained. When dietary weight loss programs are followed there are differences when it comes to hormonal changes in comparison to bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery actually improves weight loss changes by maintaining or enhancing energy.
As for dietary weight loss, maintenance or enhancing of energy isn’t much experienced as there is no balance. Weight gain can be resulted by those per taking dietary weight loss due to presence of unbalanced energy. Bariatric surgery results to massive weight loss as individuals engage in lots of physical activity which reduces insulin hormone and cortisol hormone resulting to production of a number of other factors that reduce the uptake and storage of fat into fat storage deposits. Bariatric surgery contributes to weight loss in two ways and they are restrictions or malabsorption. In the case restrictions, bariatric surgery limits the amount of food the stomach can hold thereby limiting the number of calorie intake.
The amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs is reduced through bariatric surgery in the case of malabsorption. Sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion are the types of weight loss surgery. A band containing inflatable balloon that is placed around the upper part of the stomach then fixed in place is the procedure involved in laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.
A stomach pouch is created while leaving a narrow opening on the stomach. Under the skin of the abdomen a port is placed in which a tube is connected to the band removing and injecting fluid. The fluid that is injected or removed through the port, inflates or deflates the balloon while adjusting the size of the band.